Your mind is software. Program it. Your body is a shell. Change it. Death is a disease. Cure it. Extinction is approaching. Fight it.
— Eclipse Phase

Transhumanism (abbreviated as H+ or h+) is the belief or theory that the human race can evolve beyond its current physical and mental limitations, especially by means of science and technology. Transhumanist thinkers study the potential benefits and dangers of emerging technologies that could overcome fundamental human limitations as well as ethical limitations of using such technologies. The most common transhumanist thesis is that human beings may eventually be able to transform themselves into different beings with abilities so greatly expanded from the current condition as to merit the label of posthuman beings.

As an intellectual and cultural movement, transhumanism affirms the possibility and desirability of fundamentally transforming the human condition by developing and making widely available technologies to eliminate aging and to greatly enhance human intellectual, physical, and psychological capacities, potential benefits and dangers of emerging and hypothetical technologies that could overcome fundamental human limitations, as well as study the ethical matters involved in developing and using such technologies.

Transhumanist Policies

  • Cognitive Liberty (Coglib) – freedom of sovereign control over one's own consciousness. It is an extension of the concepts of freedom of thought and self-ownership, modern principles of which are outlined in United Nations Declaration of Cognitive Liberties, also known as Reykjavik Convention.
  • Morphological Freedom (Morphlib) – proposed civil right of a person to either maintain or modify his or her own body, on his or her own terms, through informed, consensual recourse to, or refusal of, available therapeutic or enabling medical technology, and against persecution and ostracism directed at augmented individuals. (See ARM).

Major Transhumanist Currents

There is a variety of opinions within transhumanist thought. Many of the leading transhumanist thinkers hold views that are under constant revision and development.

  • Extropianism - a classical utopian school of transhumanist thought characterized by a set of principles advocating a proactive approach to human evolution. Extropians share an optimistic view that quality of life can be perpetually improved through technological advancement. Extropianism advocates for careful assessment and regulation of possible repercussions of high risk technologies and existential risks and ethical utilitarianism.
  • Accelerationism - a political ideology synthesizing laissez-faire capitalism and transhumanism, advocating for economical and technological deregulation. Accelerationists believe that the prevailing system of capitalism, or certain technosocial processes that have historically characterised it, should be expanded, repurposed, or accelerated in order to generate radical social change.
  • Singularitarianism - a moral ideology based upon the belief that a technological singularity is to be viewed as the ultimate goal of humanity's progress, and must be secured at all costs.

Related Entries

edit Society x
Themes TranshumanismConsciousnessReykjavik ConventionZürich Convention
Movements AccelerationismAIRARMSingularitarianismEmancipationism
Organizations Internet Engineering Task ForceThe Singular Church of God Machine
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